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Saint Pachom, who established the rules of monasticism, was a Copt.

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Another saint from the Theban Legion is Saint Victor, known among Copts as "Boktor".

Under the authority of the Eastern Roman Empire of Constantinople (as opposed to the western empire of Rome), the Patriarchs and Popes of Alexandria played leading roles in Christian theology.

All Christian monasticism stems, either directly or indirectly, from the Egyptian example: Saint Basil, organiser of the monastic movement in Asia minor visited Egypt around 357 A. and his rule is followed by the eastern Churches; Saint Jerome, who translated the Bible into Latin, came to Egypt around 400 A. and left details of his experiences in his letters; Saint Benedict founded monasteries in the sixth century on the model of Saint Pachom, but in a stricter form.

And countless pilgrims visited the "Desert Fathers" and emulated their spiritual, disciplined lives.

This leading role, however, did not fare well when politics started to intermingle with Church affairs.

It all started when the Emperor Marcianus interfered with matters of faith in the Church.Origen wrote over 6,000 commentaries of the Bible in addition to his famous Hexapla.Many scholars such as Saint Jerome visited the school of Alexandria to exchange ideas and to communicate directly with its scholars.D., and a fragment of the Gospel of Saint John, written using the Coptic language, which was found in Upper Egypt and can be dated to the first half of the second century.The Coptic Church, which is now more than nineteen centuries old, was the subject of many prophecies in the Old Testament.The scope of the school of Alexandria was not limited to theological subjects, because science, mathematics and the humanities were also taught there: The question and answer method of commentary began there, and 15 centuries before Braille, wood-carving techniques were in use there by blind scholars to read and write.

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